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Who doesn’t want to look good? Everyone does. This is why facial skincare is so crucial for us. You won’t believe how much dust and bacteria your facial skin comes in contact with every day. And it’s not just environmental factors that can affect your skin, your lifestyle is a very important factor too. For example,
Sleep deprivation can cause dark circles under your eye.
Drinking too much alcohol can cause blackheads and whiteheads.
Hormones can change your skin too, but that’s a natural process.
You are far more likely to have skin problems on your face than any other area of the body. If you want to maintain your flawless skin, you have to maintain a regular facial skincare routine.
For those of you who are thinking that maintaining a regular facial skincare routine is a hassle, it’s not. Because it only takes about 15-20 minutes of your daily life.
But it’s important to note what kind of facial skincare tips I am talking about here. I will not be talking about treating a serious skin disease like eczema. You have to go to a dermatologist for that.
What I’m talking about is strategic long-term approaches you can take, that will guarantee you healthier facial skin in the future. These tips will help you avoid getting a skin problem in the future or solve your current mild skin problem.
Keep in mind that all of these tips are recommended by dermatologists for long-term improvements. So please be patient instead of expecting results overnight.
What is Your Skin Type?
Before diving right into the tips, I want to tell you how you can find out what your skin type is. It’s the most important information for choosing whether a facial skincare treatment is right for you or not. If you already know what your skin type is, feel free to skip this section.
Start by washing your face with a mild cleanser. Let your skin sit in its natural state, with zero beauty products on, and wait. After one or two hours, look into a mirror, get a blotting paper, tissue, or just feel your skin with your fingertips.
If your forehead, cheeks, and T-zone—the space above your eyebrows and the bridge of your nose—is oily, then you have oily skin. This skin type is more prone to breakouts as the pores are big and dilated. But there’s a good side to it. You’re less prone to wrinkles because all your natural oil smoothens and moisturizes the skin.
If your skin has no visible pores, but it looks dehydrated or wrinkly, you have dry skin. People with dry skin types look differently than the oily skin type. They are more prone to wrinkles and premature lines.
If your T-zone is the only oily part, and you have visible pores, but the rest of your face has nothing, then you have a combination skin type.
If your skin looks fleshy and nourished, then you have a normal skin type. It’s the ideal skin as you are suitable for all kinds of skin products. However, even if you have the ideal skin type, you should still make sure that you’re giving your skin the proper care it needs.
Now that you have identified your skin type, you can easily choose the right products for yourself without wasting money.
Let’s dive into the tips-
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1. Cleanse Your Face Everyday
The first and most basic facial skincare tip everyone will give you is cleansing your face regularly. I have already mentioned the reason for the importance of cleansing in the first paragraph of the article.
Our facial skin comes with contact with so many pollutants like- dust, airborne bacteria, toxic gases on the city streets. All of these pollutants take a heavy toll on your skin’s condition at the end of the day. You need to wash your face at least twice a day- in the morning and at night (more if you stay outside too long).
But washing your face doesn’t mean simply rinsing with normal or warm water. You need to use a good facial cleanser for your skin. Here’s how you can find a good facial cleanser:
How to Find the Right Facial Cleanser?
The first condition that a good cleanser must fulfill is that it should not clean out the essential natural oils from your skin. That’s why you should always read every description of a product and buyer reviews before buying it. The seller will mention such important features in the description, and the user reviews will verify that information for you.
The second essential condition is the cleanser must be non-comedogenic. Non-comedogenic is a term used to refer to skincare products that don’t trigger side effects like clogged pores or acne. If a product claims to be non-comedogenic, be sure to check the user reviews to confirm that information.
As a rule of thumb, the products with the least amount of chemical elements are the ones you should prefer buying.
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2. Use Face Toner Regularly
Toners can be very effective in providing additional facial skincare. Toners are to be used after cleansing and before using a serum or a moisturizer on your face.
The basic role of a face toner is to prepare your skin for serums or moisturizers by removing excess oil, stubborn dust, or makeup leftover after facial cleansing. But nowadays, toners have evolved from that basic role.
Some of the toners now contain essential ingredients that help fight skin problems like acne, dryness, and even aging.
Applying toner is a very simple process. Clean your hands, pour a few drops on your palm, and apply on your face.
While toners are not mandatory to use, they surely provide additional facial skincare that is worth getting.
3. Use Serums Even If You Don’t Have A Skin Problem
A common misconception is that you should use serums only when you have a skin problem. But the truth is, serums will be useful and effective regardless of you having a skin problem.
Serums are filled with a lot of active ingredients that can mitigate issues from dark spots to wrinkles.
And if you don’t have these problems already, the serum can improve your immunity against these skin conditions. Which means you will be less prone to dark spots, dryness, wrinkles, acne, etc. If you apply a serum in the morning, it can give your skin the power to fight the daily aggressors.
How to Find the Right Serum for Your Skin?
- Hyaluronic acid- Prevents moisture loss by sealing in hydration and strengthening the top layer of your skin
- Vitamin C- Brightens your dull skin and significantly decreases dark spots over long-term use
- Retinol- Reduces fine lines and wrinkles with increased production of Collagen. It also stimulates the development of new blood vessels and improves your skin color
- Vitamin B3- Prevents water loss from and moisturizes your skin
- Peptides- It’s one of the most effective ingredients for anti-aging. It revitalizes your skin by triggering the production of collagen and elastin
- Colloidal Sulfur, Niacinamide- Reduces redness and irritation by decreasing inflammations on your skin. Peptides also treat acne with its antibacterial effect.
This list of ingredients and their benefits should help you identify and choose the right serum for your skin.
You can come back to this article whenever buying a certain skincare product to check this list. Because the seller won’t mention the benefit of each of the ingredients in the product.
4. Use Moisturizers Two Time every day
Moisturizer is the best to use after facial cleansing and toning. The most basic responsibility of a moisturizer is to keep your skin hydrated and soft. Aside from preventing water loss, moisturizers also complement the natural oils of your skin.
Cleansing your face can strip natural hydrators from your skin, so never forget to use a moisturizer after washing your face. But different moisturizers help different types of skin.
How to Choose the Right Moisturizer for Your Skin Type
The right moisturizer can also vary depending on when you use it. There are day creams that prepare your skin to fight against environmental pollutants. And there are night creams that repair any damage done to your skin. You should buy both types of cream for the best results.
5. Use Sunscreen Every day, Everywhere
Prepare to hear something surprising. Experts believe that sunscreen is the most essential skincare product. And another surprising matter of fact is that you should use sunscreen every day, regardless of whether you are at home or outside.
I know you must be wondering, “what’s so great about sunscreens that I have to use them every day?”
Benefits of Using Sunscreen Every day
A. Sunscreen decreases your chance of developing certain skin cancers. This even includes melanoma- the deadliest skin cancer. One of the major causes of skin cancer is long-term exposure to UV radiation.
And you can get now exposed to a huge amount of UV radiation because of the damage in the Ozone layer of our atmosphere. Sunscreen protects your skin from UV, and thus reduces your risk of developing skin cancer.
Remember that skin cancer is not something to take lightly, because 1 out of 5 Americans develops a type of skin cancer in their lifetime. I think this is the only reason that should be enough for you to start using sunscreen today.
B. It reduces aging effects on your skin significantly. Studies have shown that people who use sunscreen regularly have 24 percent lower aging signs than people of the same age who don’t use sunscreen.
C. Sunscreen helps maintain an even skin tone. Sunscreens prevent discoloration and dark spots on your skin, helping you maintain a more even skin tone.
How to Choose the Right Sunscreen
The most important thing to consider when choosing a sunscreen is its Sun Protection Factor(SPF). SPF is an estimation of how well the product will protect your skin from UV rays that come from the sun. As a rule of thumb, you should use sunscreens that have a broad-spectrum SPF of at least 30. The higher the SPF, the more protection the sunscreen will provide you.
There is also another factor to consider when choosing the right sunscreen. And that factor is the type of ingredient that is used in the sunscreen- Chemical Ingredients and Physical Ingredients.
- Chemical Ingredients– Oxybenzone and octinoxate. These ingredients get absorbed by your skin and repair the damage done by UV rays. Sunscreens with chemical ingredients are easy to use because they are lightweight and comfortable compared to the ones with physical ingredients. However, this option is not recommended for people with sensitive skin because of possible side effects. There are also other health concerns raised by chemicals like oxybenzone.
- Physical Ingredients– Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide. Unlike chemical ingredients, these don’t get absorbed by your skin. Instead, they act as a protection layer against UV rays by sitting on top of your skin. Sunscreens with these ingredients are also called physical blockers. Chemical ingredients repair the damage, while physical blockers prevent the damage from happening in the first place. And these ingredients have raised no health concerns whatsoever. This is why physical ingredients in sunscreen are more preferable.
Even though physical ingredients are more preferable, the best option is to get a combination of both types of ingredients. And if you can’t get a combination of both, you should get the sunscreen containing physical ingredients.
How to Correctly Apply Sunscreen?
Apply sunscreen half an hour before being exposed to sun, and reapply every two hours at the very least. You should apply chemical sunscreens directly on clean skin, before applying any other skincare product. On the other hand, you can apply physical blockers on any condition before applying makeup.
Use two tablespoons of sunscreen to cover your face and other exposed areas of the body. A nickel-sized dollop of the liquid is enough for your face.
6. Avoid Heat Exposure As Much As Possible
Heat exposure can mean exposure to the 12-pm sun, heaters, fireplaces, gas stoves, etc. You should try to avoid heat exposure as much as humanly possible. Because heat can do serious damage to your skin.
It can cause dehydration, sunburn, heat rashes on your skin. Hot temperatures can also cause other health problems than your skin.
7. Exfoliate At Least Twice Every Week
Exfoliation is not recommended for everyone. But it has it can benefit people with all skin types. Studies have shown that exfoliation can reduce blemishes and clogged pores. Exfoliation also has anti-aging functions like removing fine lines and wrinkles.
Concluding Remarks on Facial Skincare
I am confident that if you follow these 7 essential tips in your everyday life, nothing can stop you from getting a flawless and beautiful face.
Lastly, if you have any kind of feedback about the article or any of the tips, please let me know in the comment section below. I will also love to know if you have a question or a topic in mind that you want me to write about.